Skip to main content

How to create a footnote in MS Word

To create a footnote citation in Word, click on References and Insert Footnote:

References ribbon in Microsoft Word

Citing and Referencing: A book

In-text Citation:

1. Zadie Smith, On Beauty (London: Hamish Hamilton, 2005), 124-126. 

In the footnote include page numbers identifying the specific pages the ideas you are referencing come from. 

Bibliography:

Gollner, Adam. The Fruit Hunters : A Story of Nature, Adventure, Commerce and Obsession.  London: Souvenir, 2010.

Citing and Referencing: A journal article

In-text Citation:

1. Gail Edwards and Gary Thomas, "Can reflective practice be taught?" Educational Studies 36, no. 4 (2010): 403-414, https://doi.org/10.1080/03055690903424790 

In the footnote include page numbers identifying the specific pages the ideas you are referencing come from. 

Bibliography:

de Freitas, Leo J. "The Society of Arts and Wood Engraving in the Eighteenth Century. The Requirements of Commerce, 1744-8." [In English]. Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 133 (Aug 1985)

Citing and Referencing: A chapter in a book

In-text Citation:

1. Young Sook Lee, "Finding the means to improve services," in Improving Library Services to People With Disabilities, ed. Courtney Deines-Jones (Oxford: Chandos, 2007), 105-108.

In the footnote include page numbers identifying the specific pages the ideas you are referencing come from. 

Bibliography:

Friedl, Karl E.;. "Performance-Enhancing Substances: Effects, Risks, and Appropriate Alternatives." Chap. 11 In Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning, edited by Thomas R.; Baechle, 544. USA: Human Kinetics, 1994.

You can see the specific chapter is referenced first, and the book itself is referenced with 'In' and the book's title. This system is used when your chapter was not written by the book's author or editor.

Citing and Referencing: A web page

In-text citation

1. "About Yale: Yale Facts," Yale University, accessed May 1, 2017, https://yale.edu/about-yale/yale-facts.

Bibliography

Yale University. “About Yale: Yale Facts.” Accessed May 1, 2017. https://www.yale.edu/about-yale/yale-facts.

 

Citing and Referencing: Citing something more than once

In-text Citation:

If the second citation follows the first you can use ibid. which means 'as before'. If your second citation occurs within the same footnote but not directly after, you can just use the author's surname and title of the piece again, along with a page number(s). For example: 

1. Smith, On Beauty, 240.

2. ibid.

3. Smith, Swingtime, 14. 

4. Smith, On Beauty, 267

If your second citation occurs in another footnote i.e. on another page, it will need to be cited fully again.

King's Footnotes Style Guide

King's Footnote style is in practice the Chicago Footnote style. This means citations are placed in numbered footnotes.You will still need to create a bibliography or reference list in alphabetical order at the end of your document when using this style.

Want to know more about the Footnotes style?

Need to know more about the Author-Date and Footnotes styles?

You can find videos to learn more about the styles in use and some quizzes you can take to make sure you know what you need to do, on KLaSS:

Building your bibliography in the King's Footnotes style

You need to provide a list of the sources you have used. In the Chicago style this is called a Bibliography. It is arranged in alphabetical order of author's surname:

Bibliography:

de Freitas, Leo J. "The Society of Arts and Wood Engraving in the Eighteenth Century. The Requirements of Commerce, 1744-8." [In English]. Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 133 (Aug 1985)

Friedl, Karl E.;. "Performance-Enhancing Substances: Effects, Risks, and Appropriate Alternatives." Chap. 11 In Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning, edited by Thomas R.; Baechle, 544. USA: Human Kinetics, 1994.

Gollner, Adam. The Fruit Hunters : A Story of Nature, Adventure, Commerce and Obsession.  London: Souvenir, 2010.